Skip to main content

Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

See other formats

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl923\margr5625\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2965\margrsxn5661\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw1505\colsr1847\colno2\colw720 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 THE KUSHANS}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb86\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs14 221}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn923\margrsxn5625\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li14\fi0\ri36\sb223\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw11\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 nistan.   The family was overthrown by the advance \expndtw7 of the Kushans.   )}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li32\fi252\ri1958\sb97\sa0\sl-338\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\scaps\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw10\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 section \scaps0 C \expndtw-15 THE KUSHANS\super 1 \nosupersub\i\charscalex91\expndtw2 Yueh-chi Movements}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li14\fi472\ri22\sb101\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw11\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 About the fourth decade of the second century \expndtw2 B.C.\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 the year commonly accepted being 165\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 ,the \expndtw9 Hiung-nu, a tribe of Turki nomads, won a decided \expndtw19 victory over the Yueh-chi, their neighbours in \expndtw18 Kan-su in North-western China, and forced them \expndtw6 to quit their pasture-grounds. In the course of their \expndtw13 westward migrations, the Yueh-chi encountered in \expndtw11 the basin of the Hi river another horde called the \expndtw1 Wu-sun, whose chief Nan-teou-mi was Idlled in defend\-\expndtw14 ing his country. Here the Yueh-chi were split into \expndtw10 two sections. One division, deflecting southwards, \expndtw7 settled 011 the Tibetan border, and catne to be known \expndtw4 as the Little Yueh-chi (Siao Yueh-chi). The main body \expndtw5 (Ta Yueh-chi) marched onward until they came into \expndtw1 conflict with the Sakas, who, as already noticed, were \expndtw8 dispossessed of their lands north of the Jaxartes. But \expndtw5 the Yueh-chi did not long remain in the usurped terri\-\expndtw9 tory, for they were expelled by Kwen-mo, the son of \expndtw5 the dead Wu-sun chieftain, with the help of the Hiung-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi382\ri0\sb238\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs20 1\nosupersub  See V. A. Smith, "The Kushan or Indo-Scythian Period of \expndtw8 Indian History" \i (J.R.A.S., \i0 1903, pp. 1-64); R. D. Banerji, \i Ind-\expndtw9 Ant., \i0 XXXVII (1908), pp. 35 f; Sten Konow, C.I.I., II, Introd., \expndtw8 pp. xlix-lxxxii. The usual form of the narne is Kushana, but \expndtw16 sometimes Kushana is also used. Dr. F. W. Thomas took it \expndtw11 as "a family or dynastic title" \i (J.R.A.S., \i0 1906, p. 203). In the \expndtw6 Pan]tar record of the year 122, however, Gushana occurs as the \expndtw9 name of a \i Maharaja (C.I.I., \i0 II, no. XXVI, p. 70). Similarly, in \expndtw8 the Taxila silver scroll inscription of the year 136 \i (Ibid., \i0 no. \expndtw10 XXVII, p. 77) Kushana is simply used for the name of the \expndtw9 sovereign, perhaps Kadphises I or Wema Kadphises (cf. "The \expndtw4 Great King, the King of Kings, the Son of Heaven, the Kushana").}\par }